This paper presents one of the most ancient forms of regulatory legal acts of the Russian state – a statute: itsorigin, stages of development, sphere of regulatedjural relations. In the modern Russian legislation the form of legal regulation of jural relations in transport undergoes changes. The statute form of Soviet legislation is transformed in laws. Those changes, in the author’s opinion, mustbe based on deep analysis of history of legal regulation forms. It is for that purpose that the author makes historic-legal analysis of a statute as a national form of law, as a type of a regulatory legal act.