This paper presents a comparative legal analysis of legal acts of the Russian Federation and the United States of America, researches the notion and characteristics of normalization, including various approaches to its understanding in the Russian and American legal systems, studies the main types of the US Congress legal acts – bills – in the context of their orientation (private and public), shows the difference of the US private and public bills in historical and modern aspects. The article’s final part presents the author’s reasoning on possibilities of using the American legislative practices in the Russian practice. The author comes to the conclusion about impossibility and untimeliness of assimilation of the American practices in the Russian practice, despite a steady tendency of legal systems of the two states towards rapprochement.